Ngatokimatawhaorua ceremonial waka Waitangi Day

Waitangi Day

New Zealand's national day. Every year on 6 February – Waitangi Day – people of all communities and backgrounds gather at Waitangi to commemorate the first signing of New Zealand’s founding document: Te Tiriti o Waitangi, The Treaty of Waitangi, on 6 February 1840.

Waitangi Day is recognised as New Zealand’s national day and is the most important marker in the country’s history.

Ongoing recognition of the Treaty of Waitangi as the nation’s founding document will continue to keep this celebration alive, as the Treaty continues to live as part of New Zealand’s past, present and future.

On the 6 February the Treaty Grounds closes its buildings for the day and the grounds become the location for the Waitangi Day Festival. The free festival at the Treaty Grounds starts at 5am with a dawn service in Te Whare Rūnanga (Carved Meeting House).

All-day entertainment creates a fun, festival atmosphere, with performance stages on the Upper Treaty Grounds, at the Te Korowai ō Maikuku (Waka Shelter) and on the sports field opposite the Treaty Grounds. More than 150 market stalls offer an amazing array of art and crafts, clothing and a wide variety of food options. Children’s activities include bouncy castles, kids racing cars and sports games.

Lord and Lady Bledisloe with the Duke of Gloucester, 1935 (Collection of Waitangi National Trust WNT1967/3/1)

The events of 6 February 1840

Waitangi Day has been a significant day on New Zealand’s calendar since the Treaty of Waitangi was first signed in 1840. The flagstaff which stands on the Upper Treaty Grounds marks the location of the first Treaty signing by representatives of the British Crown and over 40 rangatira (tribal leaders) on 6 February 1840.

On 5 February 1840 a marquee was erected on the lawn in front of the home of the British resident, James Busby. Captain William Hobson presented a proposal for the attending chiefs to agree to British settlement in New Zealand. The meeting lasted throughout the day, during which the chiefs vigorously debated the proposed Treaty, with some rangatira supporting the Treaty and others opposed to it. The discussions continued that night across the Waitangi River at what is now Te Tii Marae.

On February 6 the rangatira returned to the marquee at Waitangi, where over 40 signed the Māori version of the document, now known as Te Tiriti o Waitangi. By September 1840 over 500 leaders from throughout New Zealand had signed the document.

The Waitangi Estate

In 1932 Lord and Lady Bledisloe purchased the 506 hectare Waitangi Estate and then gifted it to the people of New Zealand. The estate was put into trust to be managed by the Waitangi National Trust Board, made up of representatives from all the major regions and from various families with historical connections to the Treaty of Waitangi. This gift fulfilled a commitment many Māori had been seeking for decades.

A special hui (gathering) was held at Te Tii Marae and Waitangi in February 1934 to celebrate the formal handing over of the Bledisloe’s gift of land, with around 10,000 Māori from across New Zealand attending to honour and celebrate the gift. This became the first official celebration of Waitangi Day.

One of the first ever photos of James Busby's home, now recognised as the Treaty House.
Waitangi Day
Guests enjoy a hot sunny Waitangi Day with surrounding Wakas.

Waitangi Day 2020

Jacinda Ardern at Waitangi Day
New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern lends a hand at a food stall.

Waitangi Day 2020

Waitangi Day at Waitangi Treaty Grounds
A crowd line the beaches of Waitangi Treaty Grounds in preparation for a Kapa Haka performance.

Waitangi Day 2020

Waitangi Day at Waitangi Treaty Grounds
The impressive Flag Mask at dawn.

Waitangi Day 2020

Waitangi Day at Waitangi Treaty Grounds
Morning address from Te Whare Rūnanga (carved meeting house).

Waitangi Day 2020

Waka Waitangi Day at Waitangi Treaty Grounds
A waka from a neighbouring iwi, beachside at Waitangi Treaty Grounds

Waitangi Day 2020

Waitangi Day cultural performances at Waitangi Treaty Grounds
Kapa Haka performed throughout the day on a live stage.

Waitangi Day 2020

Stalls and food at Waitangi Day
Hot weather, blue skies, good food and great, local stalls.

Waitangi Day 2020

Family at Waitangi Day
Parent and child enjoying the peaceful views out to Waihihi Bay.

Waitangi Day 2020

Stalls during Waitangi Day 2020

Waitangi Day Stall Holders

Waitangi Day features a range of stalls displaying gifts, art, food and more.

Application forms for holding a stall at Waitangi Treaty Grounds on Waitangi Day will be available from October 1st.

Contact

Programme

For festival programme details please contact our office.

Media Contact

For all media enquiries please contact Head of Sales and Marketing, Nineke Metz.

Stall Holders

Waitangi Day stall holders please contact our reservations team.