By clicking “Accept All Cookies”, you agree to the storing of cookies on your device to enhance site navigation, analyze site usage, and assist in our marketing efforts. View our Privacy Policy for more information.

Te Kāpehu Whētu- The Māori Star Compass

July 15, 2020

Header Image: Hands-on activities help children understand how navigators used Te Kāpehu Whētu to steer their waka in the right direction.

The full horizon is divided into 32 different whare (houses). Their location depends on where the sun, moon and stars set and rise. Navigators followed stars such as Matariki to guide them across the Pacific.

Navigators knew the arcs of the sun and that stars cross the sky at different heights depending on the time of year. At night the rising and setting of the stars align the canoe in a direction of travel through the night, until the Earth’s own star, the sun, rises. The sun is used at dawn and dusk. Navigators also used the direction of large ocean swells to guide them. This abstract star compass helped navigators to memorise more than 200 stars.

Today sees a revival of traditional navigation skills. Crews have sailed double-hulled waka from as far as Rarotonga to Aotearoa New Zealand, guided only by traditional techniques.

Find out more about waka and navigation on our resource page: Waka Inquiry Unit

Visit the Science Learning Hub to read this article on Te Kāpehu Whētu

Image source

latest articles

September 27, 2022

How Kupe discovered Aotearoa - and his legacy that lives on today

September 21, 2022

The Journey of the Treaty of Waitangi

September 21, 2022

Know - Whakapapa me te whanaungatanga | Culture and Identity

September 21, 2022

UNDERSTAND in Aotearoa New Zealand's histories